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erectile dysfunction (ED)? know the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options.

Erectile Dysfunction (ED): Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Erectile dysfunction, or ED, is a common condition affecting millions of men worldwide. While it can be an uncomfortable topic, it’s important to understand and address it properly. In this comprehensive blog post, we’ll provide you with an informative and friendly guide to ED, covering its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and available treatment options.

Understanding Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection firm enough for satisfactory sexual activity. It’s a condition that can have various underlying causes, both physical and psychological. Among the many factors that contribute to ED, emotional aspects play a significant role in getting and maintaining an erection. Feelings of nervousness, anxiety, frustration, or fatigue can lead to erection problems. Additionally, alcohol and substance abuse can also impact sexual function.

It’s important to note that ED can sometimes be the first symptom of an underlying health condition, such as heart disease, making it crucial to seek medical attention.

Common Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction

The primary symptom of ED is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection during sexual activity. However, there are other common signs and symptoms to be aware of:

  • Occasionally being able to get an erection before sexual intercourse but struggling to maintain it

  • Inability to achieve an erection at all

  • Reduced sexual desire

  • Needing excessive stimulation to maintain an erection

While occasional erectile difficulties are normal and may not require medical intervention, if ED becomes a recurring issue, it could be a sign of an underlying health condition that needs to be addressed.

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

ED can have many potential causes, including conditions that affect your:

  1. Circulatory System: Adequate blood flow to the penis is essential for achieving and maintaining an erection. If the blood vessels that regulate this flow are compromised, ED can occur.

  2. Nervous System: The nervous system plays a crucial role in facilitating erections by sending electrical impulses that allow the body to move and experience sensations, including in the penis. Any disruption in this system can lead to dysfunction.

  3. Endocrine System: The endocrine system, which includes hormone-producing glands, plays a vital role in sexual function. Testosterone, in particular, helps dilate blood vessels, allowing for increased blood flow to the penis. Hormonal imbalances can contribute to ED.

Other potential causes of ED include:

  • Certain medical conditions include diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, vascular disease, chronic kidney disease, atherosclerosis, Peyronie’s disease, low testosterone, stroke, and epilepsy. Physical injuries or trauma to the pelvic area, including the penis, pelvis bones, bladder, prostate, and spinal cord, as well as pelvic surgery, radiation therapy, and cancer treatments.Prescription medications such as antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, blood pressure medications, diuretics, antihistamines, chemotherapy drugs, Parkinson’s disease drugs, prostate cancer drugs, antiarrhythmics, sedatives, muscle relaxers, and antiseizure medications.Substance abuse,

  • can suppress the central nervous system and damage blood vessels, potentially leading to permanent ED.

  • Psychological and emotional conditions like depression, anxiety, stress, fear of sexual intimacy (genophobia), and low self-esteem.

Men who are 40 or older, diabetic, have a body mass index (BMI) over 25, suffer from depression, lead a physically inactive lifestyle, or smoke are at a higher risk of developing ED.

Diagnosis of Erectile Dysfunction

If you suspect you may be experiencing ED, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis. The diagnostic process typically involves:

  1. Medical History and Physical Examination: Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms, lifestyle, and overall health. They may also perform a physical examination to check for any underlying conditions.

  2. Lab Tests: In some cases, your doctor may recommend additional tests, such as blood tests, to check for conditions like diabetes, heart disease, or low testosterone levels, which can contribute to ED.

  3. Specialised Tests: Depending on your situation, your doctor may suggest further tests to confirm the diagnosis and determine the cause of ED. These tests may include a penile Doppler ultrasound, nerve function tests, or vasoactive injections to assess blood flow and nerve function in the penis.

Throughout the diagnostic process, your doctor may also involve your sexual partner in the discussions to gather additional information and ensure a comprehensive evaluation.

Treating Erectile Dysfunction

Once the underlying cause of ED has been identified, your doctor will recommend the most appropriate treatment plan. Treatment options for ED may include:

  1. Lifestyle Changes: Making lifestyle modifications, such as quitting smoking, losing weight, and reducing alcohol consumption, can help improve erectile function.

  2. Counselling or Therapy: For men affected by psychological factors like stress, anxiety, or depression, counselling or therapy may be recommended to address these underlying issues.

  3. Management of Underlying Health Conditions: If ED is caused by an underlying health condition like diabetes or heart disease, effectively managing these conditions can help improve erectile function.

  4. Oral Medications: Prescription drugs like sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), and vardenafil (Levitra) can help increase blood flow to the penis, facilitating erections.

  5. Non-invasive Therapies: Penile low-intensity focused shockwave therapy, which uses sound waves to improve blood flow, may be an option for some patients.

  6. Injectable Medications: Medications that are injected directly into the penis can help create an erection.

  7. Vacuum Constriction Devices (Penis Pumps): These devices use suction to draw blood into the penis, helping to create an erection.

  8. Testosterone Replacement Therapy: For men with low testosterone levels, hormone replacement therapy may be prescribed in the form of gels, injections, patches, or pellets.

  9. Penile Implant Surgery: In severe cases, surgical options like penile implants may be considered.

It’s important to note that the most appropriate treatment will depend on the underlying cause of your ED and your individual circumstances. Your healthcare provider will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. How common is erectile dysfunction?
    Erectile dysfunction is the most commonly reported sex-related condition among men and individuals assigned male at birth (AMAB).

  1. Will ED go away on its own?
    No, ED does not typically resolve without treatment. Seeking medical attention is crucial for managing the condition effectively.

  1. Can ED be prevented?
    While ED cannot always be prevented, making healthy lifestyle choices, such as maintaining a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can help lower the risk.

  1. When should I see a healthcare provider?
    If you suspect you have ED or recognize symptoms, it’s essential to consult a primary care physician or a urologist. Early diagnosis and treatment can help address the underlying cause and improve your overall health and well-being.

  1. What can I do if my partner has erectile dysfunction?
    ED can be a sensitive topic, but open communication with your partner is crucial. Remind them that they are not alone and that effective treatments are available. Offer support and understanding, and encourage them to seek medical advice.


Erectile dysfunction is a common and treatable condition that affects many men worldwide. While it can be an uncomfortable topic to discuss, it’s crucial to address it properly and seek medical attention. With an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan, most men can find relief from their symptoms and improve their overall sexual health and quality of life.

It’s important to remember that you are not alone in this journey. Healthcare professionals are trained to handle such sensitive matters with utmost professionalism and empathy. Don’t hesitate to have an open and honest conversation with your doctor, as they can guide you towards the most suitable treatment options.

At Dispur Polyclinic and Hospitals, we have experienced and qualified sexologist doctors who specialize in treating erectile dysfunction and other sexual health issues. Our team of experts can provide you with personalised care and recommend the most effective treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

If you suspect you might be experiencing ED or have any concerns related to sexual health, take the first step towards a better quality of life by consulting our healthcare professionals. You can reach out to us by contacting
+91 7670007615. With the right support and guidance from our dedicated team, you can overcome ED and regain confidence in your intimate relationships.


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dispur polyclinic logo

Book a free consultation Now !

Our Helpline no's

(+91) 8822669275
(+91) 7664011111
(+91) 7670007615