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Kidney Stones Prevention and Treatments Guide

Preventing Kidney Stones: A Comprehensive Guide

What are kidney stones? The simplest answer would be, they are those pesky mineral and salt formations in your kidneys, that can range from tiny grains of sand to small pebbles. Do they create problems? Well, yes, they do. These tiny pebbles have a knack for blocking your urinary tract, causing some serious pain and complications. Also, the size and location of the stones do play a role in determining just how serious things can get. Kidney stones can create problems for anyone, age and gender are not an issue. However, there are effective ways to prevent their formation. Read along to learn more in this comprehensive guide. You can explore the various strategies for kidney stone prevention and treatment. 

Factors that lead to Kidney Stone Formation

Several causes increase the risk of kidney stone formation, including dehydration, concentrates of minerals, dietary imbalances, and certain medical conditions among others:

  • Dehydration: If you are in the habit of not drinking enough water then you are at risk. Less water intake leads to concentrates of the minerals in your urine. Therefore, setting the foundation for crystal formation.
  • Diet: If your food platter has excess minerals like calcium and oxalate then it becomes a dangerous recipe for kidney stones.
  • Obesity: Extra weight is a risk factor for kidney stones.
  • Family History: Yes, if there is a family member who had kidney stones, you might develop them too.
  • Medical Conditions: Renal tubular acidosis and hyperparathyroidism may also boost your risk.

How to prevent kidney stones: Key Tips

Intake of Water and Fluids:

The surest way to keep your kidney stones free is to stay well-hydrated. A good amount of fluid intake dilutes the pesky substances in urine, making it less likely for harmful crystals to develop. Water is the best cleanser. So, you should clear your filtration system by drinking at least eight glasses per day. If you have kidney stones or a history, aim for even higher fluid intake.

Tips to Stay Hydrated:

  • Increase water intake throughout the day.
  • Drink at least 8-10 glasses daily. Increase water intake if you reside in a hot climate. Drink water after exercise.
  • Reach out for citrus-infused water for added citrate. This prevents stone formation.

Balanced Diet:

Your diet plays a crucial role in kidney stone prevention. Also, limiting calcium intake is not always the correct approach. You should aim for adequate dietary calcium. It can bind with oxalate in the intestines. Thus, reducing the risk of oxalate-based kidney stones. 

  • Include potassium-rich foods like bananas, oranges, and potatoes.
  • Potassium can help balance the effects of sodium on urine calcium excretion.
  •  Calcium-rich foods like dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods is essential.
  • Limit high-oxalate foods, such as beets, chocolate, nuts, and tea. 
  • Reduce sodium intake to prevent kidney stones.

Maintaining a Healthy Weight:

Take care to have a healthy weight as obesity is a known risk factor for kidney stones. Therefore, say yes to a healthy lifestyle. Make regular physical activity and a balanced diet a habit to maintain an optimal weight and reduce the risk of stone formation. Also, remember that weight loss, should be gradual and sustainable. Never adopt crash diets as rapid weight loss increases harmful substances in urine leading to stone development.

Limiting Animal Proteins:

Moderation in your daily diet is key to a healthy system. So go easy on animal proteins, such as meat, eggs, and fish. Non-vegetarian food in excess is the foundation of kidney stones. Individuals who are prone to stone formation should moderate their intake of animal proteins. It is healthier to add plant-based protein sources, including legumes and tofu, into the diet.

  • Limit intake of red meat, poultry, eggs, and seafood.
  • Opt for plant-based protein sources like legumes, tofu, and beans.
  • Balancing your diet and protein sources reduces the risk of stone formation.

Monitoring Salt Intake:

It is sensible to reduce salt intake as high sodium levels in the diet leads to increased calcium excretion in the urine. This is a primary reason contributing to kidney stone formation. 

How to Control Sodium Intake:

  • Limit or say no to processed foods. Read labels to check levels of sodium.
  • It is healthier to use herbs and spices to season food instead of salt.
  • Keep a check on your daily sodium intake within recommended limits.

Citrus Fruits and Beverages:

Start taking seasonal Citrus fruits, such as lemons and oranges. These contain citrate, to help prevent kidney stone formation. Citrus fruits bind with calcium and prevent crystal growth. 

Monitor Sugar Intake:

  • Stay clear of sugary foods and beverages.
  • Eat whole fruits instead of fruit juices. Always pick natural sweeteners when necessary.

Kidney Stone Treatments: Intervention and Medications

Despite being careful and lifestyle modifications, some people may be prone to kidney stone formation. In such situations, kidney specialists prescribe medications to stop stone development. Kidney specialists include thiazide diuretics to reduce calcium levels in the urine. Sometimes, your doctor may suggest allopurinol to decrease uric acid production. 

Some procedures include:

  • Lithotripsy: A non-invasive procedure using shock waves to break up kidney stones. Thus, making them easier to pass.
  • Ureteroscopy: Here a thin tube with a camera is used to locate, remove or break up stones in the ureter or kidney.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL): This procedure is an invasive surgery. It involves a small incision to remove stubborn stones from the kidney.
  • Fluid Replacement Therapy: Here Intravenous (IV) fluids are administered to hydrate the body facilitating stone passage.
  • Pain Management: The doctor prescribes Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or opioids to help reduce pain during stone passage.
  • Preventive Medications: Very often potassium citrate is prescribed to prevent future stone formation.

Regular Monitoring and Follow-Up:

If you have a history of kidney stones, regular monitoring and follow-up are essential. Therefore, go for periodic urine and blood tests. This will help assess risk factors and preventive measures. Consult healthcare providers for personalised preventative strategies for your unique health profile.


The prevention of kidney stones treatment requires lifestyle adjustments, dietary changes, and, when necessary, medical intervention. Also, Hydration, a balanced diet, and smart lifestyle choices are your best allies.  Therefore, it is important to understand that the prevention of kidney stones is an ongoing effort. Consequently, regular follow-ups with Kidney doctors become necessary. Ready to Take Charge? Connect with Us! Your kidney health matters, and we’re here to help you keep it in top shape!

For guidance and expert care, connect with Dispur Poly Clinic and Hospitals. Our dedicated team is prepared to assist you with better kidney health. Don’t hesitate; seize the opportunity to safeguard your well-being. Reach out to us at Dispur Poly Clinic and Hospitals and call us at +91 7670007615 or schedule an appointment online today.

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Book a free consultation Now !

Our Helpline no's

(+91) 8822669275
(+91) 7664011111
(+91) 7670007615